This toolkit focuses on how local government in communities of less than 150,000 can use the strategies and techniques of transportation demand management (TDM) to encourage individuals to change their travel behaviour.
PRESTO was a project of the EU’s Intelligent Energy Europe Programme funded through the Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI) to promote cycling for everyone as a daily transport mode. PRESTO
activities ran from May 2009 to January 2012 and focused on the three pillars:
- Improved infrastructure planning
- Targeted promotion to encourage the use of bicycles
This article by Statistics Canada reviews travel demand and behaviours in various types of communities including urban, suburban and small communities. The article finds that neighbourhoods composed primarily of typically suburban dwellings and located far from the city centre were characterized by an appreciably higher level of automobile dependence.
The paper examines how various land use factors such as density, regional accessibility, mix and roadway connectivity affect travel behavior, including per capita vehicle travel, mode split and nonmotorized travel. The information is useful for evaluating the ability of smart growth, new urbanism and access management land use policies to achieve planning objectives such as consumer savings, energy conservation and emission reductions
This PICS paper explores how BC communities can produce less carbon while adapting to climate change impacts.
The paper looks at the role that sustainable communities can play in achieving long-term climate change mitigation and adaptation goals, and the short- to medium-term actions needed to ensure that this potential is realized.
This report describes methods for evaluating non-motorized transport (walking, cycling, and their variants) benefits and costs, including direct benefits to users from improved walking and cycling conditions, and various benefits to society from increased non-motorized travel activity, reduced automobile travel, and support for more compact land use development.
This paper discusses the application of economic analysis techniques to transportation planning, including Cost-Effectiveness, Benefit-Cost Analysis, Lifecycle Cost Analysis, and Multiple Accounts Analysis.
The paper describes specific solutions to these problems, and provides recommendations for producing analysis that is accurate and useful. It discusses specific factors that should be considered when evaluating transportation policies and programs.
Transportation Demand Management (TDM, also called Mobility Management) is a general term for strategies that result in more efficient use of transportation resources. This TDM Encyclopedia is a comprehensive source of information about innovative management solutions to transportation problems. It provides detailed information on dozens of demand management strategies, plus general information on TDM planning and evaluation techniques. It is produced by the Victoria Transport Policy Institute to increase understanding and implementation of TDM.
The Cycling Embassy of Denmark has a mission is to encourage cycling all over the world by sharing their knowledge and expertise in the area of cycling. Cities worldwide face challenges related to the effects of car-oriented city planning, which leads to congestion, air pollution, noise, physical inactivity, CO2 emissions and crowded and unattractive public spaces are damaging our cities. It is proposed by the Cycling Embassy of Denmark that cycling is a key component in tackling these challenges.
Denmark has over 100 years of experience planning bicycle traffic. As a result, they have a high share of cyclists. Visit the Cycling Embassy of Denmark (CED) to gain knowledge about bicycle traffic with cities around the world working to promote cycling as a transport mode.
Carsharing serves as an environmental and social purpose by decreasing personal car ownership, reducing vehicle distance travelled, improving urban land use and development, providing affordable access to vehicles for individuals. Using carsharing services, decreases the dependence on fossil fuels while reducing the emission of greenhouse gases. Learn more about carsharing at the Shared-Use Mobility Center Learning Center.